Question：Which leadership approach sees the leadership process in a context made up of three interrelated variables: task needs, the individual needs of group members and the needs of the group as a whole?
A. The managerial grid
B. Dispersed leadership
C. Contingency theory
D. Action-centred leadership
The correct answer is: Action-centred leadership
Rationale: This is a description of John Adair's action-centred leadership model.
Contingency theory is more general: indeed, Adair's model is within the contingency school of thought.
The managerial grid is based on two dimensions: concern for task and concern for people.
Dispersed leadership (Heifetz) is the idea that individuals at all organisational levels can exert a 'leadership influence